General characteristics of the profession of an electrician. Responsible for the operation and maintenance in working and safe condition of household and industrial electrical equipment.
Job responsibilities of an electrician
Debugging, installation, operation of industrial and household electrical equipment, power devices, and electronic control systems. Must know the basics of electrical engineering, electronics, and automation, applied mechanics.
Professionally important qualities:
Professional technical education.
Characteristics of work
Electricians install, maintain, and monitor the serviceability of electrical networks and electrical installations. Their work tasks are installation, adjustment, and maintenance of electrical equipment and wiring. Maintenance in a broad sense should be understood as activities aimed at keeping electrical installations in working order.
These include switching on, control, monitoring, and maintenance of electrical equipment and installations. Work tasks are performed in various buildings and structures – industrial enterprises, schools, hospitals, residential buildings, business centers, and more. Electricians install, adjust and inspect electrical installations and electrical equipment, wiring (a set of wires and cables), and other electrical equipment.
They choose the materials that install and installation methods, detect and eliminate faults and damage, carry out work aimed at maintenance and upkeep of electrical equipment. In performing their work tasks, they are guided by current and generally accepted regulations, standards and instructions.
Electrician for installation (electrician), for maintenance, and for repair (electrician-repairman).
The electrician carries out installation works in buildings and constructions. The service provides work of the electric equipment and its maintenance in a working condition. An electrician-repairman repairs faulty electrical equipment.
They work both in the open air and indoors, as well as in other non-standard conditions – at height, in tunnels, in various production facilities, and more.
Sometimes the work requires considerable physical effort and strain. Often they have to work standing up or moving constantly. In addition, this work is dangerous, so they must be well aware of the risks associated with the work.
In his work, he uses appropriate equipment, materials, tools, equipment, and mechanisms. The working hours depend on the schedule of work on-site, the on service – from the schedule of work of the enterprise. In most cases, they work 40 hours a week, overtime is paid separately. Work can also be carried out at night and on weekends. There may also be emergency calls.
Professional conditions and prerequisites
The work requires professional knowledge, the ability to read technical documentation, act in accordance with it, and compile it. Requires knowledge of electrical materials, principles of electrical installations and equipment, as well as measuring devices. They must strictly adhere to the basic generally accepted requirements of culture and safety.
They must know the electrical materials and basics of electrical engineering, automation, installation technology, and maintenance of electrical installations. In addition, he must know the general basics of building technology and building structures, electrical measurement and production, transmission, distribution, and consumption of electricity.
The list of special knowledge should include:
low-voltage (up to 1 kV) internal electrical installations,
low-voltage (up to 1 kV) external electrical installations (including lines),
-voltage (1-40 kV) electrical installations (including lines),high-voltage (more than 40 kV) electrical installations (including lines),
electric drives (including lifting and transport drives), relay protection and automation, low current systems, communication systems, security, computer, and other systems.
There are 5 degrees of qualification of electricians:
- the electrician of the I degree knows the general assembly equipment, electric equipment and details, materials, and tools, is able to apply them in installation work. He can participate in simple maintenance operations;
- the electrician of the II degree installs, adjusts, and checks electric installations and the electric equipment, electric wiring, and the electric equipment, including choose installation materials and methods of installation, detects and eliminates simple malfunctions, and carries out the actions directed on service and maintenance of a working condition of electric equipment;
- professional knowledge, skills, and experience of an electrician of the III degree allow to choose, install, adjust and check electrical equipment, wiring, and electrical equipment; to carry out service and maintenance in a working condition of electric installations, and also to reveal and eliminate malfunctions. An employee who has the qualification of an electrician of the III degree transfers his professional knowledge and skills to junior workers and students. He manages the working group, is responsible for resource allocation and planning, monitors the performance of others.
The profession of an electrician presupposes the presence of visual memory, logical thinking, coordination and generalization, responsibility, and willingness to cooperate. They periodically pass a health check, as well as a test of knowledge about safety rules.
Related professions are an electrician-automatic, installer of low-voltage equipment, mechatronics.
For electricians, there are special work clothes, tools, and the necessary conditions in the workplace. An electrician is sometimes provided with a company car.