Building Inspection: How to avoid tragedies in Buildings

building inspection

Building inspection aims at the preservation of this heritage, that is, it analyzes all the particularities of the object under study, demonstrating which needs in reform are urgent and which may be postponed. Therefore, building analysis provides the necessary security for tenants.

Generally, a property is planned to last for a long time. In order to achieve this objective, the best construction techniques must be applied in the development of the building. After delivery of the project, the constant practice of maintenance plans is paramount, since it mitigates environmental effects (such as corrosion of structures and others) in relation to the end of the useful life of the materials used.

In many cities, there are complementary municipal laws that require several residents of old buildings to hire a civil engineer to carry out a building inspection report, which proposes improvements to guarantee the useful life of that place. If you do not have a building inspection certificate, tenants may be liable for fines issued in inspections by Public Agencies.

In addition to the civil engineer, there is a need for the mechanical engineer, for example, in the formulation of the report of the elevators, the electrical engineer (Resistivity test of the lightning protection system), the Fire Department (Compliance Report of fire installations ) and other collaborators.

After all, why all this care ?! “My building is 15 years old and has never cracked !”

It is good to remember that a report assists the liquidator, the Public Power, or any other contractors about what should be done so that the building has its safety and livability guaranteed, however, there is NOTHING to do but just hire an inspection report and keep it in the drawer!

Did you know? The Building Inspection is the CHECK-UP of the condominium (You don’t do routine exams at the doctor? Why not take care of your home?). It reveals the situation of the property, directing maintenance actions and contributing to the appreciation of its assets.

1. BUILDING INSPECTION SURVEY EXPERTISE AUDIT CONSULTANCY

Guys from Inovacivil, but what is the difference between Building Inspection, Inspection, Expertise, Auditing, and Consulting ?? Are they all the same and just change the name ??

Okay, let’s venture into DIAGNOSTIC ENGINEERING, which is the area of ​​engineering that deals with investigations of building pathologies whose objectives are to characterize, analyze and attest to an enterprise.

In brief:

SURVEY = Finding a fact , through analysis and descriptions, without questioning the causes;

INSPECTION = Building inspection is to analyze the technical, functional and conservation conditions;

AUDIT = Technical attestation of conformity a fact;

EXPERTISE = Determination of the causes and responsibilities that motivated a certain event;

CONSULTING = Uses all previous knowledge to carry out technical indications .

2. WHAT SHOULD A PREDIAL INSPECTION REPORT HAVE?

Okay, now you already know in a basic way the difference between the elements of Diagnostic Engineering. Now you intend to venture into the building inspection market, but you don’t know how to proceed or a model to follow.

Generally, the structure of this report is composed of:

A) IDENTIFICATION OF THE APPLICANT

Identify the name of the condominium or any other type of development, recording the address and the name of the legal representative

B) PURPOSE OF THE REPORT

In this topic, explain the purpose of the report, such as “checking for the existence and identification of anomalies in structures, masonry and coatings, gas installations, electrical installations, hydrosanitary installations, elevators and fire fighting systems”.

C) LEGISLATION 

In which laws, decrees and norms is your report based? Does your city have any specific laws for this job? 

D) VENTURE TO BE ANALYZED

Describe the building to be analyzed: how many floors, which street, which construction techniques were used and other pertinent observations.

E) LEVEL AND DEGREE OF RISK

A building inspection is classified according to its complexity. Considering the technical characteristics of the existing building, maintenance and operation, and the need to form a multidisciplinary team to carry out the work. Building inspection levels can be at Level I, II, and III.

LEVEL I: Identification of anomalies and apparent faults, prepared by a qualified professional. Preferably in buildings with very simple or nonexistent maintenance plans.

LEVEL II: Inspection for the identification of anomalies and apparent faults eventually identified with the aid of equipment and/or apparatus, as well as analysis of specific technical documents, depending on the complexity of the existing construction systems.

LEVEL III: Equivalent to the parameters defined for the LEVEL 2 inspection, plus a joint or isolated technical audit of technical aspects, of use or of building maintenance employed in the enterprise, in addition to guidelines for the improvement and adjustment of the existing procedures in the maintenance plan. 

As for the degree of risk, there is a division into MINIMUM, REGULAR AND CRITICAL :

MINIMUM : damage to aesthetics, low or no impairment of real estate value, with no probability of critical risks occurring;

AVERAGE: partial loss of performance and functionality, without prejudice to the direct operation of systems, early deterioration;

CRITICAL: can cause damage to health and safety, excessive loss of performance and functionality causing possible downtime, excessive increase in maintenance cost, significant impairment of useful life.

Example in the Inspection Report: For this analysis, the Level “the level is placed” and the Risk Level of “the risk level is placed”, because “justification of the engineer” was adopted.

F) DOCUMENTS

Discuss the documents provided by the contractor, for example, updated floor plans, descriptive memorials, specifications, deeds, and other possible files.

G) CHECK LIST

Comment on the items that have been verified!

Has the structure been analyzed? And the outer coating? Was the coverage inspected?

Make a check-list and go through all the points that you deem necessary to be analyzed.

H) CONCLUSIONS AND DEADLINE FOR THE NEW BUILDING INSPECTION

From the data exposed in the Technical Report of Building Inspection, it is possible to characterize the needs of the building in relation to repairs. As a primary recommendation, it is suggested the implementation of an annual maintenance program that establishes a specific routine for each component of the building systems, in order to maintain the integrity of the installation and its adequacy to technical standards.

Thus, as an immediate guideline, it is necessary to stipulate the deadlines for resolving non-conformities, which in this case will be given according to the priority list, which is directly linked to the risk of pending. That said, the deadlines for the definitive solution of the pending issues are listed in the following table.

3. MORAL OF HISTORY

Therefore, inspection and systematic building maintenance are extremely important for the safety and comfort of users, in addition to reducing corrective costs ( preventive maintenance is cheaper when compared to corrective maintenance, which is the total replacement of that material).

Only an analysis by an engineer will determine the urgency of the situation, if there are detachments of the ceramic plates, the problem should be mitigated as quickly as possible. On the other hand, the exchange of a worn pipe may be postponed for the medium-term.

IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER: JUST MAKE A REPORT, AFTER PERFORMING EXTENSION COURSES AND STUDY IN-DEPTH ABOUT THE SUBJECT. DO NOT PUT YOUR SIGNATURE ON SOMETHING YOU ARE NOT A SPECIALIST.

Another article on this blog that might interests you:

Building Inspection: How much does it cost?